Although many alternatives for user authentication are available today, most users log on to their computer and remote computers using a combination of their user name and a password typed at their keyboard. There are products that use more secure technologies such as biometrics, smart cards, and one-time passwords available for all popular operating systems; but the reality is that many organizations still rely on passwords and they will continue to do so for years to come.

Users often have to come up with different login & passwords when it comes to desktop computer accounts at work, for their cell phone, at their bank, with insurance companies, and so on. To make it easier to remember their passwords, users often use the same or similar passwords on each system; and given a choice, most users will select a very simple and easy-to-remember password such as their birthday, their mother's maiden name, or the name of a relative. Short and simple passwords are relatively easy for attackers to determinePasswords selection & some security rules:

Minimum length should be 8, includes at least 3 out of 4 below group types:

•Uppercase characters (A-Z)

•Lowercase characters (a-z)

•Numeric Digits (0-9)

•Symbol characters (@#$%&?)

Tips & Tricks:
Example 01: iPhone6 => Iphone06$ cross(should not contain any words found in English dictionary: Phone)
Example 02: Charles = > Ch@r1es tick